Avoid unnecessary repairs with consistent and proper maintenance
Your tractor uses several parts and products to operate, and each has a limited-service life. Staying on top of maintenance will guarantee your tractor will not break down and keep you profitable for years to come. Keeping a maintenance logbook is a great way to track your replacements and repairs and will help keep you aware of when it is time for service and part replacements.
Tractors have many moving parts and require regular greasing to keep them moving smoothly. Be sure to have a grease gun handy and regularly check fittings, joints and pivot points.
All tractors should have an hour meter gauge on the dash that displays the hours of operation. Make sure to change your oil based on the manufacturer’s recommendations.
Engine belts keep your tractor’s alternator, coolant pump, hydraulic pump, and other accessories running. Keep an eye on cracking and other apparent wear or damage regularly. An inspection should be completed during extended stretches of use or your daily checkup.
Periodically inspect your air filter. The air filter stops dirt and dust particles from destroying your engine from the inside out. Tractors can kick up a lot of dust, so don’t be surprised if your air filter clogs up quickly. If your tractor is smoking or you lose power, it is time for a new filter.
Hoses and Hydraulic Lines
Coolant hoses and hydraulic lines have a shelf life and need to be inspected occasionally. Be very methodical upon checking these lines, paying close attention to flex points and connections. Coolant hoses are easier to detect for deterioration and splits, while hydraulic lines are not as noticeably visible.
Tractors have built-in hydraulic systems and will feature a filter to capture contaminants in the hydraulic fluid. To avoid pressure issues or power loss, change them per your manufacturer’s recommendation. Check your hydraulic fluid level frequently. It’s best to check with no hydraulic attachments and to have the bucket lowered so you will get a correct reading.
Besides airborne contamination, water in diesel fuel is a concern and can do irreparable harm to your engine. Fuel filters protect your engine internally by stopping contaminants from mixing with your tractor’s fuel. Please read up on your specific fuel system and understand how to maintain it properly.